Treating Mild, Complicated or Recurring Diverticulitis

Treating Mild, Complicated or Recurring Diverticulitis

The treatments are different for mild diverticulitis than it is for complicated or recurring diverticulitis. The treatment is also different depending on the age of the individual as well as if there are other medical conditions involved. Diverticulitis can range from mild pain to a life-threatening infection.

Not every individual who has diverticulosis develops diverticulitis. Only approximately 15 to 20% of those with diverticulosis go on to present with symptoms of diverticulitis. The diverticula are infected or inflamed when the individual has diverticulitis. Those who do develop the condition often have the following factors:

* Advanced age (over 50)

* Lack of dietary fiber

* Sedentary lifestyle

Countries where citizens consume diets that are high in refined carbohydrates and low in fiber have higher rates of diverticulitis. Countries such as the United States where Americans seldom eat enough fiber in their daily diet. The small, harder stools often found in the individual with a low-fiber diet are what contributes to the presence of increased pressure in the colon leading to weakened colon walls and the formation of diverticula.

The treatment for diverticulitis is tailored to the severity of the symptoms as well as how many acute episodes of diverticulitis the individual has experienced.

Mild:

Mild diverticulitis can be treated at home with a clear liquid diet or with a low-fiber diet and oral antibiotics. Resting is also advised for a few days. Once they start eating again, they should be on a low-fiber diet including avoidance of all whole grains, fruits and vegetables, so that the colon can further rest and heal from the attack. They should after a few days slowly increase the fiber in their diet.

Doctors will typically be more aggressive with individuals who are younger than 50 because they are at higher risk for recurrent attacks and for complications to occur such as a perforated or abscessed colon.

Complicated:

Approximately 50% of individuals with diverticulitis will require hospitalization in order to have intravenous antibiotics or intravenous fluids administered. These are typically the individuals with fever greater than 100 degrees Fahrenheit, or who have a high white blood cell count, or who present with symptoms of a bowel obstruction, peritonitis or other bowel complications.

There are two surgical procedures, which may be included in the treatment plan for individuals who have incurred colon damage. The two procedures are "primary bowel resection and bowel resection with colostomy.

Surgery is usually done on individuals who have had two or more recurrent attacks of diverticulitis or who have not been successfully treated medically for their diverticulitis. Another indication for surgery is when an individual who is under 40 years of age is hospitalized or has evidence of having inflammatory involvement of the urinary tract, has a colonic obstruction or may have suffered a perforation of the bowel.

Individuals who present with diffuse peritonitis or pneumoperitoneum will need to have quick fluid resuscitation, a immediate course of intravenous antibiotics, and emergency surgical exploration.

To Prevent Recurring Diverticulitis:

It is advised that individuals prevent further diverticulitis by eating more fiber, drinking lots of water, to avoid constipation and to absorb the fiber. It is important to learn to respond to bowel urges and do not delay having a movement. Delaying moving the bowels leads to harder stools that than requires the individual to use more force to pass the harder stool which increases the colonic pressure. Regular exercise is also recommended in order to promote normal bowel function and to help to reduce the amount of pressure inside the colon. Individuals should strive to exercise for at least 30 minutes each day or at least 3 to 4 times a week.

Alternative Treatments for Diverticulitis

Causes and Risk Factors of Diverticulitis

Causes, Symptoms, and Diagnosis of Diverticulitis

Complications of Diverticulitis

Defining Diverticulitis

Diet and Diverticulitis

Diverticulitis - Symptoms and Treatments

Diverticulitis and Diverticulosis

Diverticulitis of the Colon

Diverticulitis

Getting To Know The Condition Known as Diverticulitis

Hospitalization or Surgery for Diverticulitis

How Do I Know If I Have Diverticulitis?

Lifestyle and Preventing Diverticulitis

Medications for Diverticulitis

Questions and Answers About diverticulitis

Self-Care For Mild Diverticulitis

Surgery for Diverticulitis

Symptoms of Diverticulitis

The Cause and Diagnosis of Diverticulitis

The Lifestyle of Someone Who Is Preventing Diverticulitis

Treatment for Diverticular Disease

Treatment Options For Diverticulitis

What Is Diverticulitis?

What is the Diverticulitis Diet All About?

Treating Mild, Complicated or Recurring Diverticulitis

Treatment for Diverticulitis

Types of Diverticulitis Symptoms and Treatment

What Is Diverticulitis?

How to Diagnose Diverticular Disease

How Will My Diverticulitis Be Treated?

Living With Diverticulitis

Preventing Diverticulitis

Risk Factors For Diverticulitis and Simple Steps To Prevention

Diagnosis of Diverticulitis

Support For Those With Diverticulitis

Diverticulitis - An Overview

Diverticulitis and Digestion

Surgical Treatment of Diverticulitis

Diverticulitis Diagnosis

Diverticulitis Treatment

Tests and Diagnosis of Diverticulitis

Exploring Diverticulitis

Caring For Yourself After Diverticulitis

Help! What Can I Eat After An Attack Of Diverticulitis?

Causes of Diverticular Disease

The Causes and Risk Factors For Diverticulitis

Complications From Diverticulitis

How Diverticula Form

Complications of Diverticulitis

5 Things You Must Know About Diverticulitis

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